The English as a Second Language (ESL) program is designed to enable limited English proficient (LEP) students to become competent in listening, speaking, reading, writing and comprehension of the English language through the use of second language methods. The ESL program emphasizes the mastery of English language skills, as well as mathematics, science, and social studies, to enable the LEP students to participate equitably in school. The ESL program is an integral part of the total school program.
Texas law mandates a required ESL program under Chapter 89.1205(d). If a district has at least one limited proficient student (LEP), the local school district must provide ESL services. ESL programs can accommodate students from different backgrounds in the same classroom, and teachers do not need to be proficient in each student’s home language.
Llano ISD will use a variety of program models at all campuses to serve students in the ESL program.
The models include:
- Sheltered Instruction—an approach to teaching content area subject matter through specific teaching techniques. Sheltered Instruction teaching techniques facilitate the acquisition of the second language through content area curriculum. Teachers use challenging materials at appropriate reading levels, which help the student acquire the content, as well as the vocabulary in the target language. The teacher uses clear, concrete language with plenty of visuals, supporting clues, and relevant teaching strategies combined with appropriate manipulatives allowing the students to have real world experiences. Teachers control their speech and vocabulary and use few idiomatic expressions.
- Immersion—provides the student with a context in which to form the content of the new language. The instruction is enriched with visuals and manipulatives and there is extensive use of repetition and application of specific language development tasks.
- Content-based ESL—language of instruction is English, ESL support provided during regular content area instruction in the classroom, teacher is trained in second language acquisition and has ESL endorsement at appropriate grade levels.